Stained Concrete

Concrete Floor Acid Stain

How Does Concrete Floor Acid Stain Work?

Concrete floor acid stain is not a paint. It is a chemically reactive stain. After application of acid-stain to a concrete surface, the acidic metallic ion (mineral) particles in the acid stain chemically react with the free alkali (lime) particles in the cement.

These metallic oxide particles become a permanent part of the substrate (underlying concrete surface). The metal oxide colors in the acid stain are what create the colored, variegated, translucent visual effects.

Acid-Stain Variables

There are many variables which affect an acid-etched concrete surface’s final color appearance, some of which are the concrete’s texture, age, hardness, and the dilution ratio of the acid-etching stain.

Concrete Hardness and Chemical Composition

Hardness Test – The decorative concrete contractor may perform a hardness test before choosing which products to apply for optimum long term performance.

Slab Density can be very hard, hard, medium hard, medium, soft, or very soft.

Concrete Composition Concrete can have a different composition in different parts of the country due to different materials that are available, such as fly ash or other additives used in the concrete mix. Concrete can also be different between two different truck loads from the same concrete plant.

Concrete hardness is also affected when additional water is added to the mix to prolong its working time. Weather conditions such as temperature, rain, snow and humidity when the concrete was poured affect how fast it cured, which all affect how it hardened.

Due to all the above variables, it is important to know that:

    • No two acid stained slabs of concrete will ever color exactly the same. If you apply the same acid stain color to 10 different slabs of concrete, no two of them will look exactly alike.
    • An exact acid stain color cannot be guaranteed to match the color swatch on any acid stain color brochure, no matter which acid stain brand is chosen nor which decorative contractor applies it
    • Acid stain is a permanent product. If you choose to do it yourself, be sure to do a test swatch on an out of the way area, such as a corner of the concrete slab prior to applying your acid stain color to the entire slab.

Where Can I Use Concrete Floor Acid Stain?

  • Acid stain is a very versatile product. After proper surface preparation, it can be used on outdoor or indoor concrete surfaces.


  • Patios
  • Porches
  • Sidewalks
  • Driveways
  • Pool walkways
  • Outdoor statuary, yard art, concrete flower pots, and concrete craft projects


  • Garage floors
  • Basement floors
  • Kitchen floors
  • Office floors

Surface Preparation

Surface preparation before an acid stain is applied is VERY IMPORTANT before applying concrete acid stain. Acid stain penetrates into the pores and capillaries of the concrete.

The concrete surface must be either pressure washed or diamond ground using a diamond grinding machine to remove any existing paint, glues, gum, carpet and tile adhesives, tape residue, dirt, oils, waxes, drywall mud, tire tracks, previous stains, previous epoxy, previous sealants and pet stains.

If proper surface preparation is not performed, the final, finished surface will be marred by these imperfections.

Understanding Color Inconsistencies

Concrete acid stain will stain the cementitious part of the concrete. It will not penetrate any exposed rocks, sand or aggregate within the concrete. Areas with any of these aggregates will not stain evenly.

These areas will be lighter in color and will become part of the visual design. Due to the stain being absorbed or very weakly absorbed on top of the aggregate, the color on top of these aggregates will not be consistent with the acid stain color chart.

Unique Concrete Art

Once the slab is properly prepared to accept an acid stain, (pressure washed and/or diamond ground), the slab becomes a canvas for the decorative concrete contractor to hand-create the colorized marble or other design effects. After refinishing, each decorative concrete slab becomes a unique piece of art.

If your home or business would like a concrete floor acid stain applied, give us a call or fill out our contact form to schedule a time for us to give you a free quote.

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